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New Delhi, Jan 30: January 30 marks the 70th anniversary of the assassination of father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi, more fondly called Bapu. This day is also observed as Martyr s day. Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu Nationalist on this day in 1948. He fired three bullets into Mahatma Gandhi’s chest during a prayer meeting at the Birla House in the national capital. The Old Birla House, now also known as “Gandhi Smriti” in the heart of the national capital, where Mahatma Gandhi spent his last 144 days, has been spruced up for the occasion.

Who was Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi?

Born in a Hindu merchant caste family in coastal Gujarat and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London, Gandhi first employed non-violent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa. After his return to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination.

Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for various social causes and for achieving Swaraj or self-rule. Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi started independence movement against British rule. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Gandhi s birthday, October 2, is commemorated as Gandhi Jayanti.

President Ram Nath Kovind, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Congress party president Rahul Gandhi along with other senior political leaders paid tributes to the Mahatma Gandhi at his memorial -Rajghat in New Delhi.

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A prayer meeting was also held at Rajghat on this occasion.

 
Source: India.com